Folklore Ghosts & Demons

The Moll Dyer Witch Legend and Haunting in Leonardtown, MD

Not far south of Washington D.C., there’s a quaint town in Southern Maryland called Leonardtown. Leonardtown is located in the county seat of St. Mary’s County and was first colonized in the late seventeenth century. Before the settlers came, Leonardtown was a wooded area sparsely populated by the Piscataway tribe. When the English settled there in the sixteen hundreds, they brought their superstition with them. Soon there were tales of a witch named Moll Dyer circulating among the fearful colonists.

Moll Dyer: Leonardtown’s Famous “Witch”

In the 1600’s, before Leonardtown had acquired its official name, it was home to a fairly small colony of English settlers. On the outskirts of town lived a woman known as Moll Dyer. Moll was a quiet lady who lived by herself in a small cabin in the woods. This cabin by today’s standards would be considered a “hut”, but it was home to Moll and kept her warm in the winter months. Moll’s hut was located on a creek just outside of Leonardtown, now called Moll Dyer Run.

Was Moll Really A Witch?

Although we don’t know if Moll considered herself a witch, she did things to set the colony wondering. Poor Moll begged for alms and foraged for herbs to use in her “incantations”, according to Robt. Pogue’s “Old Maryland’s Landmarks”. Some say she was an old hag, while others say she was a polite and beautiful old woman. It didn’t help that Moll was tall and towered over most of the colonists.

Bad Weather & Poor Harvest = Witchcraft

As was common in those days, whenever the local settlers experienced problems with crops or endured severe weather, they’d blame it on supernatural forces – either god or the Devil. In this particular case, there were whispers in town the old witch had cursed the colony with an unusually cold winter in 1697. The townsfolk’s whispers turned into angry accusations and they came up with a plan to get rid of Moll Dyer…forever.

An artist's depiction of Moll Dyer, the witch, which hangs in the Historical Society's building.
Depiction of Moll Dyer that hangs in the Historical Society.

The Death of the Witch

In the winter of 1697, Moll Dyer was accused of being a witch and was both hated and feared by the Leonardtown settlement. She was a poor old woman who lived alone, and therefore was an easy target. Many people said she was angry and wanted revenge through hexes and curses. So naturally, the townsfolk decided to eradicate the witch from their precious town.

Her Home Set Ablaze

The townsfolk marched to the her home on a particularly cold winter’s night. There would be no trial for this accused witch…no chance for her to defend her position. With torches, the townsfolk set Moll’s cabin on fire and left her in the flames to perish. “Burn the witch!” they all cried. But Moll Dyer escaped the flames that engulfed her ramshackle home and fled to the woods, where she escaped the angry mob. They believed they’d killed her in the fire, so they left the woods brimming with satisfaction.

Moll Dyer’s Tragic Death

Unfortunately, the temperature dropped so low Moll Dyer froze to deathHer body was found a few days later…frozen in an unusual position. Moll Dyer was kneeling on a rock, with one hand pointed towards the Heavens, and one hand plastered to the rock itself. Because she was an accused witch, the townsfolk people believed she cursed them in death. They believed she would haunt them forever.

The infamous Moll Dyer rock circa 1697 where the accused witch Moll Dyer froze to death.

Moll Dyer Rock

Moll Dyer’s rock once sat outside of the Old Jail in Leonardtown, Maryland. This is the rock where Moll Dyer’s body was found in 1697. Locals claim the rock is haunted, cursed by Moll Dyer the witch. Legend has it that at one time you could see the imprint of Moll Dyer’s knees and hand in the rock; however, these imprints have long been erased in time. Do we know for sure this is the actual Moll Dyer rock?

The rock was found in a ravine in 1972 and moved outside of the Old Jail, but there is no real evidence to confirm this is the actual rock where Moll Dyer was found some three-hundred years ago. On February 26th, 2021, the rock was moved from outside of the Old Jail to the inside of Tudor Hall and is now preserved for future visitors. The Mayor of Leonardtown also proclaimed February 26th as the official Moll Dyer day.

Strange Paranormal Rock Experiences

Visitors say when you visit the rock, you get a sick feeling in your stomach. Some say that none of the photographs taken of Moll Dyer rock will develop, or that their cameras malfunction or are drained of battery. As you can see from the photograph above, I have successfully taken a picture of Moll Dyer rock when it sat outside the Old Jail. And to be honest, I did not feel sick while being around the stone. In 2020, the Three Notch Paranormal Investigations Team investigated Moll Dyer rock. They found some startling evidence. To learn more check out their FaceBook page here.

Moll Dyer Road in Leonardtown, MD where the witch Moll Dyer is thought to have lived.

Haunted Moll Dyer Road

There’s a spooky area of town close to Moll Dyer Road that is heavily wooded and split by a small creek. Locals believe this is where Moll Dyer’s cabin once stood and close to where her dead body was found in the late 1600’s. The legendary curse of Moll Dyer ensures crops are unable to grow and that thunderstorms will plague the town’s residents.

Eyewitness Accounts

One eyewitness tells her story of going into the woods to explore on a sunny day. Out of nowhere, a huge thunderstorm chased her and her friends out of the woods, and as soon as they left the forest they saw the sun shining as if nothing had happened. They believed it was Moll Dyer running them off. Unusual amounts of lightning have been reported in the region around Moll Dyer Road and the creek Moll Dyer Run.

A few hunters claim they’ve seen the apparition of the accused witch herself…still roaming the woods searching for the men who caused her death. There are stories of unusual amounts of car accidents on the main road off Moll Dyer Road.

Was She a Real Person?

Documented evidence of Moll Dyer’s life or death in St. Mary’s County do not exist, and if they did, they were destroyed in a fire in the eighteenth century. There is documentation, however, that a family of Dyers lived close to Leonardtown in the seventeenth century with a woman named Mary Dyer being on record. “Moll” was known to be a nickname for Mary back in those days, so it’s possible Moll Dyer did indeed exist. But is the legend true or is it just another mythical story told by the locals?

Might She Be My Ancestor?

In recent years, I’ve done a lot of genealogy online. I’ve built an extensive family tree of ancestors. Within the past few months, I was surprised to find the family name Dyer on my maternal grandmother’s side. My grandmother’s maternal grandmother’s last name was Dyer and her family lived in Leonardtown in the seventeen hundreds. It is likely they descended from the same Dyers who settled in Leonardtown in the sixteen hundreds – which also means I may be related to Moll Dyer. Perhaps that’s why I experienced nothing negative while visiting Moll Dyer rock. Perhaps that’s why her story has captivated me for years.

Leonardtown Today

The town is now well-known for its seafood, notably hosting an annual oyster-shucking competition. Mostly a place to conduct court and business, Leonardtown doesn’t have a large population BUT is the only incorporated town in the county. Downtown bustles with new restaurants and offices opening in recent years. One can visit the Courthouse and other historic buildings and then grab a bite to eat at a cafe. But before you get too comfortable, don’t forget there is a place not far from downtown that’s haunted by the local legendary witch.

The Story of the Maryland Witch Moll Dyer and her ghost.


  1. Tammy

    April 24, 2021 at 2:05 pm

    Thank you for this story!

  2. Anonymous

    December 22, 2020 at 1:33 am

    I live in leonardtown and I’ve seen this rock. Truly fascinating.

  3. Travis J. Dyer

    October 15, 2020 at 2:04 am

    I’m a dyer too. I do have realitives in the MD areas to this today. It I have no idea on my dads side of the family

  4. Steven McKeown

    December 15, 2019 at 3:19 am

    Well told and thanks!

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