A-Z Gods and Goddesses & Plant Associations: A Reference & Guide

Our ancestors believed the trees, rivers, mountains, stones and animals had souls. These nature spirits were eventually deified and came to be the gods and goddesses as we know them today. For those who need a reference to gods and goddesses and their magical plant associations, here’s our A-Z list. The deities are not categorized by culture or origin. Knowing the magical plants associated with your deities will help you learn, as well as give ideas of appropriate offerings. If your god or goddess isn’t included, please leave a comment.

Goddesses and Magical Plant Associations

  • Aphrodite – apples, linden tree, myrtle tree, pomegranate, poppies, prickly lettuce, roses, star of bethlehem
  • Artemis – artemisia (mugwort, southernwood, tarragon, wormwood), bay laurel, cedar, chase tree, fir, myrtle, oak, walnut, wild fig, willow
  • Astarte – alder, arabic gum, cypress, juniper, myrtle, pine
  • Athena – cinnamon, citrus, cedar, cypress, dragon’s blood, geranium, hellebore, oak, olive, patchouli
  • Arianrhod – ivy
  • Baba Yaga – black sunflowers, medicinal herbs, poppies, rye, tobacco
  • Bast (Bastet) – catnip, myrrh, frankincense
  • Berchta – birch, evergreens, flax, wild berries, straw
  • Blodeuwedd – broom, meadowsweet, and oak
  • Brighid – blackberries, oak, rushes, clover
  • Cerridwen – corn
  • Circe – Alder, juniper, mandrake, nightshade
  • Demeter – barley, chaste tree, fig, oak, mint, poppies, pomegranate, pennyroyal, wheat
  • Diana – apple, grain, oak
  • Freya – apples, barley, flowers
  • Hathor – blue lotus
  • Hecate – asphodel, black poplar, date palm, garlic, henna, lavender, mandrake, medicinal herbs (various), pomegranate
  • Hel – beech, elder, elm, ivy, juniper, mullein, willow, yew
  • Hera – chaste tree
  • Hestia – Angel’s trumpet (Datura), California poppy, chaste tree, goldenrod, hollyhock, purple coneflower, and yarrow
  • Holda – flax
  • Iris – iris
  • Isis – flowers, myrrh, sycamore fig, vervain
  • Kali – red hibiscus, red rhododendron, poinsettia
  • Kuan Yin – lotus, oolong tea leaves, orange, pomegranate, willow
  • Ma’at – papyrus
  • Medea – aconite, hemlock, nightshade
  • Morgan Le Fay – apple, blackthorn, herbs, lily of the valley, oak, willow
  • The Morrigan – blackthorn, Belladonna, Juniper berries, Nightshade, Dragon’s blood, Mugwart, Yew
  • Nerthus – beech, blackthorn, elder, elm, ivy, juniper, mullein, thistle, willow, yew
  • Oya – anise, aspen, cinnamon, carnation, calamus, clove, dragon’s blood, dittany of crete, hibiscus, lemon, myrrh, nutmeg, oak moss, star anise, sandalwood, tangerine
  • Persephone – asphodel, crocus, iris, larkspur, lily, pomegranate
  • Rhiannon – bayberry, cedar, daffodils, forsythia, leeks, pansies, pine, rosemary and sage
  • White Buffalo Woman – tobacco

Gods and Magic Plant Associations

  • Aries – ash
  • Baron Samedi – Tobacco, Sugar Cane
  • Buddha – rice, lotus
  • Cernunnos – oak, ivy, grain
  • Dagda – grains, oats
  • Dionysus – bindweed, elm, fennel, fig, fir, grapes, ivy, walnut
  • Elegba – Bitter melon
  • Hades – asphodel, elm
  • Hermes – crocus
  • Jesus – aspen, cedar, grapes, oak, olive, palm
  • Jupiter – acorn, agrimony, almond, aloe, aspen, beech, cassia, carnation, cedar, cypress, daisy, fig, gorse, hyssop, leek, mullein, oak, olive, orange, palm, pine, sage, vervain, violate
  • Krishna – acacia, bay, frankincense, vine
  • Loki – beech, blackthorn, elder, elm, ivy, juniper, mullein, thistle, willow, yew
  • Mabon – apple, berries, grains
  • Manannan Mac Lir – aquatic plants, seaweed
  • Mars – bay laurel, dogwood, fig, oak
  • Odin – amanita muscaria, elecampane, juniper, monkshood, Wotan’s Herb, yew, ash
  • Osiris – acacia, benzoin, cedar, clove, dittany of crete, grains, ivy, orris, palm date, tamarisk, vine, willow
  • Pan – grapes, pine, reeds
  • Poseidon – aquatic plants, kelp, seaweeds, wild celery
  • Ra – acacia, bay, cinnamon, frankincense, heliotrope, myrrh, olive, sunflower, vine
  • Set – myrrh, patchouli, thistle
  • Thor – acorns, avens, dragon’s blood, juniper, oak, oak moss, pine, thistle
  • Thoth – bamboo, papyrus
  • Tyr – blackthorn, juniper, oak, thistle, vervain
  • Zeus – ash, crocus, wild celery

Knowing what plants are sacred to the gods is great but it doesn’t build a strong connection with them. There’s much more to it. Want to learn how to work with the old gods in a practical guide? Get our new book here:

A-Z Gods and Goddesses and Their Magical Herb Associations

About The Author

kitty fields


  1. | 1st Feb 23

    Holle is not Hel. Holle is an older god than Odin and Thor. For you to look into German beliefs from an outside perspective and say “oh I want that god to be like this one” is the same problem the Romans had.

    • kitty fields | 3rd Feb 23

      Where is there any reference to Holle being Hel in this article? I’m confused. And I’m pretty certain I’ve never said they were the same deity.

  2. NaTasha | 29th Dec 22

    Also, Buddha is not a god.

    • | 19th Jul 23

      his is in Hinduism he’s the planet Mercury

  3. Anonymous | 11th Aug 21

    Many people are not realizing you can ask your deities what herbs and flowers they like!

    • kitty fields | 13th Aug 21

      very true

  4. Margaret | 21st Jul 21

    I really wish they had Sequana on here!

    • Margaret | 11th Aug 21

      Also missing Anubis and Lilith.

  5. heblef | 1st May 21

    ok please please i need more slavic deities than just baba yaga…do you know the herb associations for Veles? Marzanna? Lada? Jarilo? Zosia? Svarog? Perun? Belobog? Chernobog? Mokosz? Diewana? Zhiva? Svetovid? Kupala? Vesna? You obviously can’t find info on all of these but please please please I would love any info you could get.

  6. Pius Nyombi | 30th Aug 20

    Ugandan (Buganda) gods;
    Bulamu/ Ryangombe(Rwandan) , erythrina abbysinica tree
    Ndawula/Ndahura, Cassava
    Bamweyana(for mad people), cannabis
    Nakayima(for herdsmen), pawpaw and milk weed

  7. SolarWitch | 7th Jul 20

    missing Apollo… Sunflowers, Dandelions, Hyacthin, Bay

  8. Fear Factor | 31st May 20

    I cannot find my deitys / gods. If you know what Cizin, Kukulkan ,Yum Kaax , Huracan , or Quetzalcoatl likes then I would love the help. :3

    • admin | 3rd Jun 20

      We have an article on Aztec gods. Do a search on our website and you’ll find it.

      • Margaret | 30th Jul 21

        What is Nekhbet associated with?
        And Sequana.

      • Margaret | 11th Aug 21

        What about Anubis and Lilith.You have articles non them but nothing mentions their plant associations.

  9. Matt | 1st May 20


  10. dominique | 21st Feb 20

    wow… great this list…
    missing Airmid, Dana,..thank you loved this!

  11. Melissa | 6th Feb 20

    Does Sekhmet have one?

    • Danielle | 11th Feb 20

      Exactly what I was wondering – I’d love to know if Sekhmet had a herb affiliation.

      • Anonymous | 11th Aug 21

        Hers is pomegranates

      • Tamla | 8th Mar 22

        Pepper, Cinnamon, Cloves, Frankincense, Egyptian Roses, Copal

    • Charity | 27th Jun 20

      Eros and Psyche ? Anything on them?

    • Tamla | 8th Mar 22

      Pepper, Cinnamon, Cloves, Frankincense, Egyptian Roses, Copal

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